Publication fees are required for publication in the journals of the American Astronomical Society (ApJ, AJ, ApJ Supplements, and ApJ Letters). These fees cover some of the costs of publication and allow us to more fairly share charges between researchers and libraries. Please be aware that the journals do not receive direct funding from any external agencies. Support from publication charges allows lower subscription prices and thus a greater circulation for the journal as well as open access after one year.
Unlike the main journals, Research Notes of the AAS currently have no author publication fees.
In response to European research funding mandates, the AAS is pleased to offer authors a Gold Open Access option for its main journals (ApJ, AJ, ApJ Supplements, and ApJ Letters), effective January 5, 2017. Gold OA articles are immediately made freely available upon publication and are published by the AAS under a CC-BY license. This license lets others distribute, remix, tweak, and build upon your work, even commercially, as long as they credit you for the original creation. Copyright transfer agreements and Gold OA fees are listed below.
Research Notes of the AAS are available to all readers without any access charge or subscription.
The American Astronomical Society bases its calculation of author charges using an approach that counts units of information in the digital form that the author supplies; we call these units "digital quanta". Digital quanta are units of information in digital form that can include words, figures, tables, data components, and figures within a figure set.
The table below lists the types of digital quanta and the corresponding components equal to a single quantum. Digital quanta will be charged at a rate of $30 per quantum with the exception of word quanta, which will be charged at a rate of $27 per quantum. The pricing structure for Gold Open Access manuscripts is $49 for text quanta and $45 for digital quanta.
|Type of quanta||Components/Quanta charged|
|Data Components (MRTs, MPG, etc…)||1|
|Figure Sets||100 Figures|
We provide estimates of the article charges during the peer review process, or you can estimate the charges using our online tool. The tools to provide these estimates may not accurately deal with all parts of the manuscript, (e.g., equations), which will differ between the LaTeX/Word source you provide and the final published XML/HTML version.
In addition to the above digital quanta, there are surcharges for specific cases. These are listed in the table below.
|Type of surcharge||Cost|
|Letters handling charge||$120|
|Letters handling charge (Gold Open Access)||$600|
|Errata handling charge||$30|
For information regarding page charges for articles accepted prior to April 1, 2011, go here.
Before your article can be published in an American Astronomical Society (AAS) journal, we require you to grant and assign the entire copyright in it to the AAS. The copyright consists of all rights protected by the copyright laws of the United States and of all foreign countries, in all languages and forms of communication, including the right to furnish the article or the abstracts to abstracting and indexing services, and the right to republish the entire article in any format or medium.
In return, the AAS grants to you the non-exclusive right of republication, subject only to your giving appropriate credit to the journal in which your article is published. This non-exclusive right of republication includes your right to allow reproduction of parts of your article wherever you wish, and permits you to post the published (PDF) version of your article on your personal website. To protect the copyright in your article, the original copyright notice as it appears in the journal should be included in the credit.
If your article is accepted for publication we require you to read, sign, and return the Copyright Agreement to us. We cannot publish your article without this approval. In the event that your article is not accepted for publication, you will be notified in writing and the copyright and all rights conferred by copyright shall revert to you. Copies of these agreements can be downloaded from this website for standard and Gold Open Access basis.
The agreement should be signed by at least one of the authors (who agrees to inform the others, if any) or, in the case of a work made for hire, by the employer.
An author who is a U.S. Government officer or employee and who prepared the article as part of his or her official duties does not own any copyright in it. If at least one of the authors is not a U.S. Government employee, one of those non-government authors should sign the Copyright Agreement.
The AAS is eager for the information published in its journals to reach the widest possible audience and it encourages the reuse of figures, tables, or other materials in review articles, textbooks, and other appropriate means of scholarly communication. To ensure the long-term access of the research community to its archives, the AAS holds the copyright on all copyrightable materials published in its journals, but the Society grants control of the right to reproduce the material to the original authors as long as they are alive.
Multiple copies may be made for classroom use provided 1) that no charge is made for such copies (other than a nominal charge to cover the cost of reprography), 2) that such copies are not made or distributed for commercial advantage, and 3) that the copies bear the American Astronomical Society copyright notice.
Libraries and other users registered with the Copyright Clearance Center (CCC) Transactional Reporting Service may photocopy items for internal or personal use, or the internal or personal use of specific clients in the U.S.A., provided that the per-copy fee is paid directly to CCC, 222 Rosewood Drive, Danvers, MA 01923, U.S.A.
Permission to reproduce material from articles published in The Astronomical Journal or The Astrophysical Journal or The Astrophysical Journal Letters or The Astrophysical Journal Supplement or Research Notes of the American Astronomical Societyis managed on behalf of the AAS by IOP Publishing. In order to gain permission to reproduce material under AAS copyright, you should do the following:
When you submit an article for publication in an AAS journal and you choose to use material (including short extracts or diagrams) published previously by other authors in journals other than those of the AAS, then you must first obtain the written permission of the author and the publisher concerned. You must submit signed copies of the applicable permission forms when you submit your article. We do not perform this task for you.
Permission request forms are available for the use of authors of AAS journal articles, as well as those authors who may wish to make use of material from AAS journals.